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Actor-Oriented Programming for Wireless Sensor Networks
Elaine Cheong

Citation
Elaine Cheong. "Actor-Oriented Programming for Wireless Sensor Networks". PhD thesis, University of California, Berkeley, August, 2007.

Abstract
Wireless sensor networks is an emerging area of embedded systems that has the potential to revolutionize our lives at home and at work, with wide-ranging applications, including environmental monitoring and conservation, manufacturing and industrial control, business asset management, seismic and structural monitoring, transportation, health care, and home automation. Building sensor networks today requires piecing together a variety of hardware and software components, each with different design methodologies and tools, making it a challenging and error-prone process. In this dissertation, I advocate using an actor-oriented approach to designing, generating, programming, and simulating wireless sensor network applications. Actor-oriented programming provides a common high-level language that unifies the programming interface between the operating system, node-centric, middleware, and macroprogramming layers of a sensor network application. This dissertation presents the TinyGALS (Globally Asynchronous, Locally Synchronous) programming model, which is built on the TinyOS programming model. TinyGALS is implemented in the galsC programming language, which provides constructs to systematically build concurrent tasks called actors. The galsC compiler toolsuite provides high-level type checking and code generation facilities and allows developers to deploy actor-oriented programs on actual sensor node hardware. This dissertation then describes Viptos (Visual Ptolemy and TinyOS), a joint modeling and design environment for wireless networks and sensor node software. Viptos is built on Ptolemy II, an actor-oriented graphical modeling and simulation environment for embedded systems, and TOSSIM, an interrupt-level discrete-event simulator for TinyOS networks. This dissertation also presents methods for using higher-order actors with various metaprogramming and generative programming techniques that enable wireless sensor network application developers to create high-level, parameterizable descriptions and automatically generate sensor network simulation scenarios from these models. All of the tools I developed and describe in this dissertation are open-source and freely available on the web. The networked embedded computing community can use these tools and the knowledge shared in this dissertation to improve the way we program wireless sensor networks.

Electronic downloads

Citation formats  
  • HTML
    Elaine Cheong. <a
    href="http://chess.eecs.berkeley.edu/pubs/777.html"
    ><i>Actor-Oriented Programming for Wireless Sensor
    Networks</i></a>, PhD thesis,  University of
    California, Berkeley, August, 2007.
  • Plain text
    Elaine Cheong. "Actor-Oriented Programming for Wireless
    Sensor Networks". PhD thesis,  University of
    California, Berkeley, August, 2007.
  • BibTeX
    @phdthesis{Cheong07_ActorOrientedProgrammingForWirelessSensorNetworks,
        author = {Elaine Cheong},
        title = {Actor-Oriented Programming for Wireless Sensor
                  Networks},
        school = {University of California, Berkeley},
        month = {August},
        year = {2007},
        abstract = {Wireless sensor networks is an emerging area of
                  embedded systems that has the potential to
                  revolutionize our lives at home and at work, with
                  wide-ranging applications, including environmental
                  monitoring and conservation, manufacturing and
                  industrial control, business asset management,
                  seismic and structural monitoring, transportation,
                  health care, and home automation. Building sensor
                  networks today requires piecing together a variety
                  of hardware and software components, each with
                  different design methodologies and tools, making
                  it a challenging and error-prone process. In this
                  dissertation, I advocate using an actor-oriented
                  approach to designing, generating, programming,
                  and simulating wireless sensor network
                  applications. Actor-oriented programming provides
                  a common high-level language that unifies the
                  programming interface between the operating
                  system, node-centric, middleware, and
                  macroprogramming layers of a sensor network
                  application. This dissertation presents the
                  TinyGALS (Globally Asynchronous, Locally
                  Synchronous) programming model, which is built on
                  the TinyOS programming model. TinyGALS is
                  implemented in the galsC programming language,
                  which provides constructs to systematically build
                  concurrent tasks called actors. The galsC compiler
                  toolsuite provides high-level type checking and
                  code generation facilities and allows developers
                  to deploy actor-oriented programs on actual sensor
                  node hardware. This dissertation then describes
                  Viptos (Visual Ptolemy and TinyOS), a joint
                  modeling and design environment for wireless
                  networks and sensor node software. Viptos is built
                  on Ptolemy II, an actor-oriented graphical
                  modeling and simulation environment for embedded
                  systems, and TOSSIM, an interrupt-level
                  discrete-event simulator for TinyOS networks. This
                  dissertation also presents methods for using
                  higher-order actors with various metaprogramming
                  and generative programming techniques that enable
                  wireless sensor network application developers to
                  create high-level, parameterizable descriptions
                  and automatically generate sensor network
                  simulation scenarios from these models. All of the
                  tools I developed and describe in this
                  dissertation are open-source and freely available
                  on the web. The networked embedded computing
                  community can use these tools and the knowledge
                  shared in this dissertation to improve the way we
                  program wireless sensor networks.},
        URL = {http://chess.eecs.berkeley.edu/pubs/777.html}
    }
    

Posted by Christopher Brooks on 13 Nov 2010.
Groups: ptolemy
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